Good things come to those who wait. This is true in life and in the classroom. Studies show that when teachers give at least three seconds of waiting time after a question is asked and after a student answers, great things happen. There are less “I don’t know” answers or no answers at all.
Ask students, “As a result of this lesson, what changes will you make this week?” And then wait at least three seconds in silence, giving someone an opportunity to speak. After a student speaks, continue to wait at least three seconds before responding. Students will feel more comfortable and will contribute more in class.